Camp Bartow

Camp Bartow (HMMTV)

Location: Bartow, WV 24920 Pocahontas County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 32.263', W 79° 46.373'

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Battle of Greenbrier River

— The First Campaign —

In August 1861, Confederate soldiers under Gen. Henry R. Jackson of Georgia erected Camp Bartow here. Fortifications on these hills guarded a disputed "middle ground" between Union and Confederate forces on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. The defenses were named in honor of a Georgian killed at First Manassas.

Confederates stationed at Camp Bartow took part in Gen. Robert E. Lee's failed September assault of the fortress on Cheat Mountain, 12 miles west.

On October 3, 1861, nearly 5,000 Union troops under Gen. Joseph Reynolds attacked 1,800 Confederates here in the Battle of Greenbrier River. Reynolds retreated to Cheat Mountain after a spirited artillery duel. Gen. Jackson's defenders received a commendation from the Confederate War Department for their victory.

Confederates at Camp Bartow suffered greatly from disease. By late November, the Southern army abandoned these workds and withdrew nine miles east to Camp Allegheny, where they endured a horrible winter in the mountains.

"I can't describe my feelings when the battle began. I could but think of you at home so far away & me here in the fight with the balls flying around... thinking that the next moment one might get me."
-Shepherd Pryor, 12th Georgia Infantry, C.S.A., to his wife.
Series This marker is part of the West Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByWest Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 1:51am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 606947 N 4266192
Decimal Degrees38.53771667, -79.77288333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 32.263', W 79° 46.373'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 32' 15.78" N, 79° 46' 22.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 89 Co Rte 3, Bartow WV 24920, US
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