Amherstburg Navy Yard

Amherstburg Navy Yard (HMP47)

Location: Amherstburg, ON N9V 1W4 Essex County
Country: Canada
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N 42° 6.205', W 83° 6.844'

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[West Historic Marker]:Amherstburg Navy Yard

A Navy Yard was built here in 1796 to replace Detroit as the base and supply depot for the Provincial Marine on Lakes Erie and Huron. In 1812 the GENERAL HUNTER and QUEEN CHARLOTTE, built here, took part in the capture of Detroit. The next year, his supply lines cut, Robert Barclay's poorly equipped fleet, including the DETROIT, was defeated by Oliver Perry, U.S.N., in the battle of Lake Erie. This reverse led the British to burn the Navy Yard on 22 September, 1813, before withdrawing from Amherstburg.

[South Historic Marker]:Buildings in the King's Navy Yard at Amherstburg

Buildings in the King's Navy Yard at Amherstburg circa 1804
A. No. 2 Blockhouse
B. Provision storehouse
C. No. 3 Blockhouse
D. Lime and Mortar house
E. Old Guard house
F. Ropewalk

[East Historic Marker]:Pro Patria

In memory of Captain R.A. Finnis, Lieutenant John Garland and seamen of the Royal Navy and Provincial Marine and Lieutenant John Garden and soldiers of the Royal Newfoundland and 41st Regiments, who were killed in action, and their comrades who served on these lakes in defense of Canada in 1812-1814.

[North Historic Marker]:The Battle of Lake Erie

In September 1813 the British squadron under R. Barclay sailed from Amherstburg to collect desperately needed food supplies. They were met by the larger, more heavily armed American squadron commanded by O. Perry. The British had the initial advantage of the wind and used their long range guns to disable the American flag ship LAWRENCE.

With his own ship crippled, Perry was rowed to the NIAGARA which had held back from the fighting. With the wind now to his advantage, Perry bore down on the British line, pouring a murderous broadside into the enemy ships from his more powerful but shorter range carronades.

The DETROIT and QUEEN CHARLOTTE were disabled and their officers, killed or wounded. The two vessels became entangled and unable to manoeuvre. The Americans raked the British ships with cannon fire until they surrendered. The entire British squadron was captured leaving the Americans in command of Lake Erie for the duration of the War.
HM NumberHMP47
Placed ByHistoric Sites and Monuments Board of Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 14th, 2014 at 12:43am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 325197 N 4663421
Decimal Degrees42.10341667, -83.11406667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 6.205', W 83° 6.844'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 6' 12.30" N, 83° 6' 50.64" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)620
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 210 Dalhousie St, Amherstburg ON N9V 1W4, CA
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