Florence, Alabama

Florence, Alabama (HMQ8J)

Location: Florence, AL 35633 Lauderdale County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 50.852', W 87° 43.504'

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Side A
The Forks of Cypress plantation was established in 1818 by James and Sarah Jackson. Its home, believed the design of William Nichols, was one of Alabama's great houses, featuring perhaps the earliest peristyle colonnade in America. Built by skilled African-American artisans in slavery. The Forks stood until June 6, 1966, when it was struck by lighting and burned to the ground. Its surrounding brick porch with twenty-three brick columns-once plastered with a mix of lime, horsehair and molasses and topped by cypress Ionic capitals-remains on limestone foundations.

Irish-born James Jackson, engineer, turfman, merchant, financier, planter, statesman, member of the Cypress Land Company, was a founding father of Florence. He was the major figure in establishing the local textile industry. As President of the Alabama Senate, he was its key advocate of the 1832 Treaty of Cusetta.
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Side B
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James Jackson's most enduring contribution was his legacy on the thoroughbred horse industry. With the purpose of improving American bloodstock. Jackson imported some of England's finest horses, most notably Leviathan, Gallopade, and Glencoe. Peytona, bred at the Forks, in 1843 won the Peyton Stakes, the flushest purse ever, and the Race between the North and South, for which she walked 1,200 miles to Long Island. Reel, the leading American broodmare of the 19th century, was another Forks-bred horse. Both were daughters of Glencoe, as was Pocahontas, England's all-time pre-eminent broodmare. Jackson's greatest horse was the immortal stallion Glencoe who led the Stud Brook eight years, "a truly epochal animal such as appears only at rare intervals and with whom only a scattering few others of all time deserve to be ranked." — James Hervey, Racing in AmericanHis successful progeny insured such prevalence of the line that by mid-20th century virtually no thoroughbred in the world could be found who did not descend from Glencoe of the Forks of Cypress

HM NumberHMQ8J
Year Placed2010
Placed ByErected by the Alabama Tourism Department and the City of Athens
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 22nd, 2014 at 11:16pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 433713 N 3856374
Decimal Degrees34.84753333, -87.72506667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 50.852', W 87° 43.504'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 50' 51.12" N, 87° 43' 30.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4901-4999 Co Rd 41, Florence AL 35633, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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