Famed commander, Lt. Col. E.V. ("Lige") White, of the 35th BN Va. Cavalry C.S.A., and many members of his command were natives of this area. This town became the headquarters of Union Brig. Gen. Charles P. Stone's 12,000-man corps of observation from June 1861, until March 1862. Four regiments from this command fought at Balls Bluff on the Virginia side of the Potomac, six miles from this sign, on October 21, 1861. Col. Edward Baker, of Oregon, was killed and funeral services were held here.
Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's Headquarters were established here on June 26, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign.
Skirmishes occurred here in September, November and December 1862 and July 1864.