This settlement was named for the Tarver family who settled here more than a century ago. In 1826 a post office was opened as Tarver's Store and in 1831 the name was changed to Tarversville.
Hartwell Hill Tarver (1791-1851) was one of the area's wealthiest planters and largest slave owners. One of the community's most noted citizens, in 1831, ?34, ?35, and ?39, he represented Twiggs County in the Georgia House of Representatives. He was elected Brigadier-General of the 1st Brigade, 6th Division of the Georgia Militia, in 1837.
Here was located the Ocmulgee Academy, incorporated by the State of Georgia in 1819 with Benjamin Dupree, Edmund Dupree, William W. Williamson, Henry Bunn and Robert Glenn, Trustees. The school flourished for many years, accepting both local and boarding students.
Located near here was Fort Twiggs, one of a series of forts established near the Ocmulgee River during the War of 1812.
The nucleus of the "Lafayette Volunteers" of Twiggs County assembled at Tarversville in 1825 to march to Milledgeville to greet General Lafayette on his visit there.