African Identity

African Identity (HMRCS)

Location: Jacksonville, FL 32226 Duval County
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Country: United States of America
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N 30° 26.212', W 81° 26.313'

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African Identity and Archaeology at Kingsley Plantation

— African Identity in the Archival Record —

The birthplace of African-American archaeology can be traced to Kingsley Plantation, where archaeologists in 1968 first began to search for artifacts that reflected African identity. Many of the slaves that lived here during Zephaniah Kingsley's era (1814-1839) were African-born or the children of Africans. A list of Kingsley slaves prior to his arrival on Fort George Island provides examples of their nationalities or language groups: Ibo, Calaban, Rio Pong, Soosoo, and Zanzibar.

Kingsley allowed his Africans to keep their tribal names instead of forcing Anglicized names upon them. African names included Quamila, Beechy, M'Badnie, Tita, Aibo, Cabo, M'Sooma, Motorro, Tamafia, and Anobia. Children born at Kingsley's plantations were also given African names, such as the boy named Badju and another boy named Mtoto, the Swahili word for "child."

Zephaniah and Anna Kingsley are most remembered at Kingsley Plantation, but much of the history of the site was made by the hundreds of enslaved Africans forced to work the fields. These individuals lived and died with scarce written accounts of their being. Beyond a rare list of names, these man, women, and children are virtually absent from historic records. This erasure from history is true for enslaved men and women throughout the Americas. Without written records, this lost history can only be brought back to life through archaeology.
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 8th, 2014 at 6:00am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 457889 N 3367276
Decimal Degrees30.43686667, -81.43855000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 26.212', W 81° 26.313'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 26' 12.72" N, 81° 26' 18.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)904
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10604-11450 Palmetto Ave, Jacksonville FL 32226, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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