The Manassas Museum

The Manassas Museum (HMRT7)

Location: Manassas, VA 20110
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 44.925', W 77° 28.296'

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Defending the Junction

— First and Second Manassas Campaigns —

During the 1850s two railroad lines, the Orange & Alexandria and the Manassas Gap, intersected at a small Prince William County village that became known as Manassas Junction. In 1861 more than 20,000 Confederate troops from across the South gathered in what is today downtown Manassas. Working alongside slaves requisitioned from local farms, they built a ring of earthen fortifications around the junction. Naval cannon captured in Norfolk were included in the defenses, manned by Confederate sailors.

The First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) was fought five miles northwest of here on July 21, 1861. Following their victory, Confederate forces occupied their fortifications over the winter of 1861-62, building the world's first military railroad between Manassas and Centerville seven miles to the North.

When the Confederates evacuated Manassas Junction in March 1862, the site became a major Union supply base. It was destroyed by Southern troops under Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson on August 27, 1862, prior to the Second Battle of Manassas (August 28-30). The area remained under Union control for the rest of the war. Railroad operations were periodically disrupted by Confederate partisans under Col. John S. Mosby. Despite the desolation caused by the war, Manassas quickly recovered to become a prosperous agricultural and transportation center in the Northern Virginia Piedmont.

The Manassas Museum System includes the city's only surviving Civil War earthworks—the Mayfield Confederate Fort, and the Union's Cannon Branch Fort. Information on these and other historic sites is available at the Manassas Museum.
HM NumberHMRT7
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series, and the Virginia, Wartime Manassas Walking Tour series.
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 27th, 2014 at 1:34am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 285210 N 4291796
Decimal Degrees38.74875000, -77.47160000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 44.925', W 77° 28.296'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 44' 55.50" N, 77° 28' 17.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 9101 Prince William St, Manassas VA 20110, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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