The Culper Spy Ring

The Culper Spy Ring (HMSQ8)

Location: Oyster Bay, NY 11771 Nassau County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 52.337', W 73° 31.913'

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Revolutionary War Heritage Trail

General George Washington created a domestic network of spies, appointing Major Benjamin Tallmadge of Setauket as the head of the Long Island based Culper Spy Ring. Tallmadge appealed to Robert Townsend, a Manhattan merchant, to join him as a spy by collecting vital information about British movements in New York City.

The Townsends' large Oyster Bay home, now known as Raynham Hall Museum, was being used as a British headquarters. Using the code name Samuel Culper, Jr., Townsend wrote coded messages to Washington, Tallmadge and the other members of the Culper Spy Ring to convey the information he gathered.

George Washington wrote the following about Culper Jr.: "His accounts are intelligent, clear and satisfactory . . . I rely upon his intelligence." ? Through their brave, risky and well executed efforts, they were able to quickly gather and relay secret information which enabled George Washington to make informed decisions.

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Next to a map of the Culper Spy Ring depicting Manhattan, Queens County on Long Island, Long Island Sound, coastal Connecticut and Westchester County:
1. New York City: ?Robert Townsend, alias Culper, Jr., gathered information about British troop movements.
2. Oyster Bay: ? The Townsends' home was headquarters for the Queen's Rangers.
3. Setauket: ? Austin Roe visited Townsend to gather intelligence and forwarded it to Abraham Woodhull.
4. Connecticut: ? Caleb Brewer picked up coded messages from Woodhull, and ferried them across the Sound to Major Benjamin Tallmadge.
5. Westchester County: ? Tallmadge delivered these messages from the Culper Spy Ring to General Washington.
HM NumberHMSQ8
Placed ByNew York State
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 1st, 2014 at 2:34am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 623710 N 4525616
Decimal Degrees40.87228333, -73.53188333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 52.337', W 73° 31.913'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 52' 20.22" N, 73° 31' 54.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)631, 516
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 30 W Main St, Oyster Bay NY 11771, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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