The Battle of Payne's Farm

The Battle of Payne's Farm (HMSZ1)

Location: Locust Grove, VA 22508 Orange County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 20.024', W 77° 49.475'

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A Fruitless Campaign

"In the fight of Johnson's Division on last Friday I was under as warm a musketry fire as I have experienced for a good while—certainly worse than I have been in since Sharpsburg." — Lt. Col. Alexander S. "Sandie" Pendleton, CSA

"One of the sharpest & best fought affairs of the war. The musketry was the most terrific any of us had ever heard, and the chances of getting off without a decent wound was about as poor as it possibly could have been." — Col. Charles T. Collis, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry, USA

A few days after the Battle of Payne's Farm, Union and Confederate forces were poised to fight on a larger scale west of Locust Grove. Both sides planned assaults, but Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee posted his troops in such a strong position along Mine Run that Union Gen. George G. Meade decided to withdraw. This robbed Lee of his opportunity to strike his adversary's left flank. Both sides returned close to their former positions and made camp for the winter.

Although the battle here was relatively small, the soldiers who fought at Payne's Farm did not view this as an unimportant engagement. They wrote of a fight equal in ferocity with better-known eastern battles like Antietam, Chancellorsville, and the Wilderness. Dwarfed in total losses by Gettysburg and dimmed in retrospect by the apparent uselessness of the entire movement, Mine Run remains a little-known campaign. This very obscurity, however, contributed significantly to the almost unparalleled preservation of this battlefield.
HM NumberHMSZ1
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2011
Placed ByThe Civil War Trust and Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 20th, 2014 at 11:05pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 253113 N 4246620
Decimal Degrees38.33373333, -77.82458333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 20.024', W 77° 49.475'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 20' 1.44" N, 77° 49' 28.50" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 31381-31433 State Rte 611, Locust Grove VA 22508, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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