42nd New York Infantry

42nd New York Infantry (HMT1)

Location: Leesburg, VA 20176 Loudoun County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 7.866', W 77° 31.655'

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The 42nd New York ("Tammany Regiment") was commanded by Col. Milton Cogswell, the only West Point-trained officer among the senior Union commanders at Ball's Bluff. Five companies of the 42nd participated in the battle.

With the death of Colonel Baker between 4:30-5:00, Colonel Cogswell assumed command of the Federal force. He attempted to organize a breakout and move downriver toward the other Union troops at Edward's Ferry. The attempt fell apart almost before it started. Cogswell then formed a heavy defensive line along the bluff to buy time to get the wounded safely across the river.

With the climactic Confederate advance, however, the Federal resistance finally collapsed. The men fled in panic down the slope toward the river. Many of them were shot while trying to swim across. Many others hid at the base of the bluff until dark, then surrendered. Cogswell himself was slightly wounded and captured, spending several months as a prisoner of war in Richmond.
HM NumberHMT1
Placed ByBall's Bluff Regional Park/Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 26th, 2014 at 12:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 281522 N 4334367
Decimal Degrees39.13110000, -77.52758333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 7.866', W 77° 31.655'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 7' 51.96" N, 77° 31' 39.30" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 540, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 505 Unnamed Road, Leesburg VA 20176, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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