Shantytown

Shantytown (HMTF6)

Location: Allouez, WI 54301 Brown County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 29.06', W 88° 1.872'

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Inscription

In 1820, as a defensive move,

— Fox River Trail —

Fort Howard commander Colonel Joseph Smith moved the garrison to near this location, about a half-mile back from the shore. The high ridge on which the camp, dubbed "Camp Smith," was located provided good visibility and protection from disease - both advantages over the prior location of the fort (on the west side of the Fox River and three miles to the north). The new establishment was short-lived: in 1822, Colonel Pinkney took command of the fort, and the War Department ordered the garrison to move back to Fort Howard.

Meanwhile, a small settlement had grown up to serve Camp Smith that was known as "Shantytown." After the soldiers had gone, Shantytown remained. The community,which stretched from about where Heritage Hill is now to Allouez Avenue, may have been the first American settlement west of Lake Michigan. It contained the region's first post office, which shared space with postmaster Robert J. Irwin Jr.'s general store. Shantytown remained the center of trade and business in the area for for the next 10 to 15 years. The settlement was located in what is now the village of Allouez.

Henry Baird, a lawyer and politician, moved here in 1824 and became the first lawyer to practice in Wisconsin. Baird served as Green Bay's mayor from 1861 to 1862. His wife, Elizabeth, later wrote her memoirs of life in Shantytown. On arriving in Shantytown inSeptember 1824 Elizabeth Baird wrote, "We were rowed ashore...as there were then no wharves or docks. The river looked clean and broad. The wild rice, a patch several yards in width growing along the borders, was a novel sight."

Although the original buildings and homes of Shantytown are no longer standing, the legacy lives on in the names of city streets and parks.
Details
HM NumberHMTF6
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 20th, 2014 at 9:22am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 417999 N 4926186
Decimal Degrees44.48433333, -88.03120000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 29.06', W 88° 1.872'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 29' 3.60" N, 88° 1' 52.32" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)920, 715
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2 Fox River Trail (Green Bay to Greenleaf), Allouez WI 54301, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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