"The battle, with all its melancholy results, proved, however, that the Confederate infantry and Federal artillery, side by side on the same field need fear no foe on earth." Confederate General D. H. Hill
As dusk approached on July 1, massed Confederate infantry made one last grand advance. Victory or defeat in the last battle of the Seven Days awaited its outcome. Dozens of Federal cannon opened fire, blasting huge gaps in the Southern ranks. Thousands fought and fell within yards of one another. But for Lee's troops, courage alone was not enough. The Federal gunners, supported by advancing infantry, held firm. McClellan's army had survived.