Civil War in Tennessee

Civil War in Tennessee (HMVPC)

Location: Chattanooga, TN 37419 Hamilton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 59.615', W 85° 23.966'

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The Fight for Lookout Mountain

Chattanooga, nestled along the banks of the Tennessee River and the northern gateway to the Georgia railroad system, was strategically important to both the United States and the Confederacy in the Civil War. Lookout Mountain (Exits 175 and 178) was a key vantage point for military control of the river traffic and the railroads into the city.

The Union Army retreated to Chattanooga after its September 1863 defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga in north Georgia. Confederate forces surrounded the city and fortified Lookout Mountain. On November 24, the Federals captured Lookout Mountain. Charging Union soldiers expected a deadly shower of bullets. One wrote: "Every moment we expected to hear [our charge] broken by sharp shots from the rocks overhead, or by a rattling volley from the innumerable boulders in front." But they overwhelmed the Confederate defenders in a fight known as the "Battle above the Clouds" because of a thick fog that shrouded the mountain. There were about 400 Union casualties and 1,250 Confederate casualties. Two National Park Service properties, Point Park and the Cravens House, interpret the fighting and the battle's effects on local residents.

Follow the routes of the armies along the Tennessee Civil War Trails. Colorful markers at each stop tell the story of the war's interesting people, places, and events. A free map guide to the Tennesse Trails network is available in the Welcome Center. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the beauty and history of the Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2011
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 20th, 2014 at 1:33pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 646072 N 3873501
Decimal Degrees34.99358333, -85.39943333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 59.615', W 85° 23.966'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 59' 36.90" N, 85° 23' 57.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 299 Unnamed Road, Chattanooga TN 37419, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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