Church Home and Hospital

Church Home and Hospital (HMXN)

Location: Baltimore, MD 21231
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 17.595', W 76° 35.636'

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"I am a Massachusetts woman"

Church Home and Hospital, formerly Washington Medical college, was where Edgar Allan Poe died on October 7, 1849, and where many doctors were trained who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. On April 19, 1861, Adeline Blanchard Tyler, Episcopal Church deaconess and nursing instructor, was working here when a friend summoned her to the Holliday Street police station. The Baltimore Riot had just occurred and wounded 6th Massachusetts Infantry soldiers had been taken there. Tyler was refused entry until she said, "I am a Massachusetts woman seeking to do good to the citizens of my own state. If not allowed to do so, I must send a telegram to Governor Andrews informing him that my request has been denied." The police then admitted her.

Tyler found two soldiers dead and four wounded. Using a covered furniture wagon so the secessionist crowd could not see the soldiers, she brought the two most seriously injured here. After surgeons treated them, Tyler tended to them herself. In a month they had recovered enough to return to Massachusetts, where the legislature passed a resolution of appreciation for her services.

Later, Tyler helped establish a hospital in the National Hotel near Camden Station but was asked to leave when she insisted that Confederate and Union wounded receive the same care. She then served at the U.S. General Hospital in Chester, Pennsylvania, and organized nurses at a hospital at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 24th, 2014 at 6:38am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 362546 N 4350530
Decimal Degrees39.29325000, -76.59393333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 17.595', W 76° 35.636'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 17' 35.70" N, 76° 35' 38.16" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410, 443
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 129 N Broadway, Baltimore MD 21231, US
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