Utopian Experiments in Southern Iowa

Utopian Experiments in Southern Iowa (HMXRU)

Location: Osceola, IA 50213 Clarke County
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Country: United States of America
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N 41° 0.807', W 93° 47.829'

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Inscription
Several Utopian groups attempted to implement in southern Iowa their dreams of a better social structure. In 1839 Abner Kneeland, a pantheist, started Salubria in Van Buren County. Beset with economic problems, the experiment dissolved after Kneeland died in 1844. In 1843, followers of French socialist Charles Fourier founded Phalanx in Mahaska County, but this communal experiment lasted only two years. Followers of another Frenchman, Etienne Cabet, tried several experiments in the United States, including Icaria in Adams County, which existed from 1860 to 1895.

Led by Ladislaus Ujhazy, a group of Hungarian refugees from the Revolutions of 1848 settled in Decatur County in 1850 and founded the town of New Buda. After experiencing economic difficulties, most of these people moved to Texas in 1853.

In 1851, people from near Farmington formed a communal association called the Hopewell Colony. They moved to Clarke County later that year, and founded the town of Hopeville. Although the communal nature of the colony soon changed, the village survived and for several decades was a thriving community. It is the only one of these southern Iowa utopian experiments whose remnants lasted into the 20th century.
Details
HM NumberHMXRU
Series This marker is part of the Iowa: State Historical Society of Iowa series
Tags
Year Placed1976
Placed ByThe Iowa State Historical Department Division of the State Historical Society and the Department of Transportation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 21st, 2014 at 7:46am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15T E 432971 N 4540556
Decimal Degrees41.01345000, -93.79715000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 0.807', W 93° 47.829'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 0' 48.42" N, 93° 47' 49.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)641
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1529 Southwest Blvd, Osceola IA 50213, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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