This image shows the original charter for the Grand Army of the Republic. The name for the G.A.R. was inspired by Napoleon's Grand Army of France. Five members of the G.A.R. were elected to the Presidency of the United States; Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison and William McKinley. Since the G.A.R. was based on Civil War service, it was formally dissolved when its last living member, Albert Woolson, died in 1956 at age 109.
While the G.A.R. is best remembered as a national organization, the very first chapter was organized in Decatur, which was chosen as the location partially because there was a printing shop owned and run by two union veterans, I. N. Coltrin and Joseph Prior. These two men had been approached by Dr. Stephenson's Fields, Robert Mann Woods and John S. Phelps to print up the first by-laws and rituals for the new organization. Veterans showed so much enthusiasm toward Dr. Stephenson's idea that, on April 6, 1866, in a small room on the second floor of a building located at 253 South Park Street, the twelve original members chartered Decatur as "Post No. 1, Grand Army of the Republic."
|Series||This marker is part of the Illinois: Looking for Lincoln series|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Sunday, October 5th, 2014 at 10:43am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||16S E 332877 N 4412063|
|Decimal Degrees||39.84215000, -88.95330000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 39° 50.529', W 88° 57.198'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||39° 50' 31.74" N, 88° 57' 11.88" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 259 S Park St, Decatur IL 62523, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.