The Earliest Inhabitants: Native Americans

The Earliest Inhabitants: Native Americans (HM130P)

Location: Port Royal, VA 22535 Caroline County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 10.236', W 77° 11.324'

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Based on artifacts excavated in and around Port Royal, archaeologists estimate that the area was inhabited as early as 11,000 years ago. At the time the English arrived, the area was occupied by tribes united in a confederacy ruled by Powhatan. The Port Royal area was claimed by about 400-600 members of the Nantaughtacund tribe, one member of the confederacy. The tribes called the river "Rappahannock," meaning "alternating stream," in recognition of the ebb and flow of a tidal river. John Smith mapped the Rappahannock as far as Port Royal in 1608, and white men began to settle in the area in about 1650. The settlers were led by Colonel John Catlett, who was killed in a raid in 1670. By 1700, few Native American remained, but their heritage lives on in the names they bequeathed and the countless artifacts they left.
HM NumberHM130P
Placed ByHistoric Port Royal with funding made possible through the sponsorship of the Washington-Lewis Chapter, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 5th, 2014 at 3:13pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 308269 N 4227007
Decimal Degrees38.17060000, -77.18873333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 10.236', W 77° 11.324'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 10' 14.16" N, 77° 11' 19.44" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 901-923 Water St, Port Royal VA 22535, US
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