Artois Hamilton established Carthage's first inn, the Hamilton House, at this location in 1835. He ran it until 1851 when his wife, two children, and two sisters died in a local cholera epidemic. Many Lincoln-era dignitaries stayed here, including young John Hay from nearby Warsaw, who later became a confidential secretary to President Lincoln during the Civil War and was Secretary of War under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Hay also wrote a famous account of the assassination of Joseph Smith for Atlantic Monthly.
"Those are the boys that will settle you Mormons," Artois Hamilton warned a Mormon acquaintance while pointing at the Carthage Grays—-who were prominent among the local militia units that excitedly pressed for a glimpse of Joseph Smith when he arrived here with his party just before midnight on June 24, 1844. Governor Thomas Ford was already quartered here—-as were many of the prophet's apostate Mormon enemies. The Mormon company spent the night in the Hamilton House and most of the next day until they were confined in the Carthage Jail on the evening of June 25th. Two days later, Hamilton brought the bodies of Joseph and Hyrum Smith back to the Hamilton House after they were murdered at the jail. He prepared pine board boxes for the corpses and helped transport them in wagons to Nauvoo the next morning.
|Series||This marker is part of the Illinois: Looking for Lincoln series|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Monday, October 13th, 2014 at 8:11pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||15T E 658413 N 4475371|
|Decimal Degrees||40.41390000, -91.13290000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 40° 24.834', W 91° 7.974'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||40° 24' 50.04" N, 91° 7' 58.44" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 33 N Washington St, Carthage IL 62321, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.