Occaneechi in the Service

Occaneechi in the Service (HM13L1)

Location: Burlington, NC 27217 Alamance County
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Country: United States of America
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N 36° 12.312', W 79° 16.277'

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Piedmont Indians in the Civil War

When North Carolina passed laws in 1833 to restrict the rights of free blacks; they also limited the rights of Indians. In old Orange (later Alamance) County, many Occaneechi Indians including Dixon Corn, Jesse Jeffries, Enoch Jones, and Andrew Jeffries were prosperous farmers and tradesmen. The law kept them from joining the militia, but during the war, many volunteered as foragers, teamsters, hostlers, and paid body servants. In North Carolina's mountains, some Cherokee fought as soldiers in Thomas's Legion.

"Nick" Mebane, of Company F, 6th North Carolina State Troops, employed William Haith as his body servant. Will Liggins was a servant to James E. Boyd in Company E, 13th North Carolina State Troops. Marshall Jeffries performed similar service. His kinsman, Bedford Jefferies, "served as cook and servant . . . never bore arms but . . . was always with the troops near the front." When Lieutenant Bartlett Yancey Mebane was killed at Cold Harbor, Virginia, on June 7, 1864, Jefferies brought his remains home to the family.

Indians Buck Parker and James Wilson were paid servants with Company K, 6th North Carolina State Troops. Wilson foraged for food and supplies, and it was reported that "(he) has foraged and stole enough during the war" to keep the company well fed. His kinsman, William Wilson, served Lieutenant George Bason in the Ordinance Department.

The motives of these men probably were the same as those of many young white men who enlisted: pay, excitement, and escape from the farm. Given the manpower shortages in the Confederate army by 1863, men like these helped keep it in the field until 1865.
HM NumberHM13L1
Placed ByNorth Carolina Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 11th, 2014 at 3:38am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 655407 N 4008093
Decimal Degrees36.20520000, -79.27128333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 12.312', W 79° 16.277'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 12' 18.72" N, 79° 16' 16.62" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)336
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4860-4874 State Rd 1901, Burlington NC 27217, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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