Civil War Martinsburg

Civil War Martinsburg (HM13SK)

Location: Martinsburg, WV 25401 Berkeley County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 27.377', W 77° 57.847'

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Focus of Contention

Martinsburg, strategically located on the Valley Turnpike, (present day U.S. Route 11) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was a major transportation center and the northern gateway to the Shenandoah Valley. Both sides contested for it frequently during the war, and it changed hands many times.

In 1861, from late in May through June, Col. Thomas J. Jackson and his volunteers shut down the railroad, burning bridges and rolling stock. Jackson was here again in October 1862, and on his orders the roundhouse and other buildings were destroyed.

Here in the corner of Martinsburg, the courthouse and other buildings around the square are closely associated with the war. The Berkeley County Courthouse served as headquarters for the provost marshal after Union Gen. Robert Patterson's army occupied the town on July 3, 1861. Pennsylvania soldiers scribbled in the court record books during the occupation. Belle Boyd, the famous Southern spy, later claimed that she was confined in the courthouse overnight after killing a Federal soldier who invaded her home on Queen Street and insulted her mother. In March 1862, Union forces again occupied Martinsburg and established headquarters in the courthouse. Charles J. Faulkner, U.S. minister to France when the war began and later a member of Jackson's staff, described seeing the county records loaded on wagons to be taken to Winchester for safekeeping. Faulkner's home, Boydville, was constructed about 1812 for his father-in-law and still stands nearby. Rear Admiral Charles Boarman, a veteran of both the War of 1812 and the Civil War, lived at 208 South Queen Street, located on the square. During Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington raid, part of his army occupied Martinsburg in July 1864.
HM NumberHM13SK
Series This marker is part of the West Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByWest Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 12th, 2014 at 12:24am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 244966 N 4371607
Decimal Degrees39.45628333, -77.96411667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 27.377', W 77° 57.847'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 27' 22.62" N, 77° 57' 50.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304, 540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-111 W King St, Martinsburg WV 25401, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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