Heavy Cruiser USS San Francisco (CA38)

Heavy Cruiser USS San Francisco (CA38) (HM14NY)

Location: San Francisco, CA 94121 San Francisco County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 46.962', W 122° 30.666'

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These are the remains of the flag bridge of the cruiser USS San Francisco, badly damaged in battle against Japanese naval forces on the night of November 12-13, 1942. The shrapnel-torn holes in her bridge bear mute testimony of to the ferocious combat and enormous casualties suffered by the warship during the encounter near Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

War in the Pacific
On December 7, 1941 San Francisco was at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii awaiting a major overhaul. Moored across the channel from Battleship Row, the cruiser was undamaged during the Japanese attack and put to sea on December 16. The USS San Francisco became one of only a handful of major American warships operating in the Pacific.

On Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands, Japanese soldiers were building an airfield that would control thousands of square miles of ocean and the sea routes to Australia. To stop this enemy build-up, U.S. Marines invaded Guadalcanal in August 1942

The USS San Francisco served a key role in this campaign, protecting American aircraft carriers and troop transports throughout the Solomons, bombarding shore installations, and intercepting enemy vessels attempting to land additional troops and supplies.

On November 12-13, 1942, during a nighttime engagement, described as "the most furious sea battle fought in history," the San Francisco and twelve escort ships turned back a Japanese fleet of seventeen ships that was threatening U.S. forces on Guadalcanal Island. The cost of victory was enormous: 107 of San Francisco's crew were killed during the action, including Rear Admiral Daniel Callaghan, a native of San Francisco.

Following the gallant actions off Guadalcanal the cruiser was repaired and returned to duty. She served throughout the war and earned seventeen battle stars and a Presidential unit citation.

The Memorial
After the war, San Francisco installed a monument here, the centerpiece of which is the battle-damaged flag bridge. It was dedicated on November 12, 1950, as a memorial to the ship, her crew and their courageous sacrifices during World War II.
HM NumberHM14NY
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 24th, 2014 at 6:08pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10S E 543050 N 4181818
Decimal Degrees37.78270000, -122.51110000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 46.962', W 122° 30.666'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 46' 57.72" N, 122° 30' 39.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)415, 858
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2300-2404 El Camino Del Mar, San Francisco CA 94121, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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