Cherokee Allotments

Cherokee Allotments (HM152M)

Location: Newkirk, OK 74647 Kay County
Buy Oklahoma State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 36° 52.955', W 97° 3.223'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
Newkirk owes its existence not simply to the opening of the Cherokee Outlet to homesteaders, but to the twenty-one allotments taken by the Cherokees in Kay County prior to the opening. The Outlet comprised eight million acres of prairie which was part of the agreement made when the Cherokees gave up their homelands and moved to Oklahoma.

This area was to be their outlet to the west. The Cherokees made several attempts to colonize the Outlet and were forcibly removed by the government. The Outlet was then leased to the Cherokee Strip Cattlemen's Association; however, in order to force the Cherokees to sell, the government canceled the leases.

An agreement was finally reached whereby the Cherokees would sell the Outlet to the government. As part of the negotiations, it was agreed that Dennis Bushyhead, a former Cherokee Chief and one of the negotiators, would be able to choose 160 acres in the Outlet. He was required to pay for this acreage at the same price per acre as any other homesteader. It was assumed that he would choose the area where his family owned a rock quarry in the northeast corner of Kay County.

It was also agreed that seventy other Cherokees could take 80 acre allotments if they had lived here and made improvements prior to 1891. If the family was living in the Outlet, the husband, his wife, and each child were allowed to choose eighty acres, and these acreages did not have to be adjacent to each other. Sixty-two allotments were awarded, twenty-one of them in Kay County.

Secretary of the Interior, Hoke Smith had set up the county seat sites for the Outlet. However, once the allotments were chosen, most of the sites were surrounded by allotments. To keep the speculation down, Smith moved all sites and kept them secret until the opening.

The original county seat site of Kay County was to have been near the Kildare depot. Bushyhead and three others located near Kildare. Bushyhead and his cohort, Robert L. Owen, had a plat drawn of Kildare which included a courthouse square. Thanks to the Cherokee allotments, Newkirk is located where it is today.
HM NumberHM152M
Placed ByModern Woodmen of America
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 12:11pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 673447 N 4083615
Decimal Degrees36.88258333, -97.05371667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 52.955', W 97° 3.223'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 52' 57.30" N, 97° 3' 13.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)580
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 105 N Main St, Newkirk OK 74647, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?