Invasion & RetreatAfter stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through the Shenandoah Valley and western Maryland as his cavalry, led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, harassed the Union supply lines to the east. Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, replaced on June 28 by Gen. George G. Meade, led the Army of the Potomac from the Washington defenses in pursuit. The Federals collided with Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 1, starting a battle neither side had intended to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates began retreating through Maryland, retracing their steps to the Potomac River and crossing into Virginia on July 14. To follow in their footsteps and to discover their stories, stop by any Welcome Center or local Visitor Center to pick up a Gettysburg: Invasion & Retreat Civil War Trail map-guide. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the history and beauty of Maryland Civil War Trails.
|Series||This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Tuesday, October 7th, 2014 at 3:03am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18S E 254047 N 4393761|
|Decimal Degrees||39.65830000, -77.86690000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 39° 39.498', W 77° 52.014'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||39° 39' 29.88" N, 77° 52' 0.84" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 14540 National Pike, Clear Spring MD 21722, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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