Invasion! (HM16K0)

Location: Leonardtown, MD 20650 St Mary's County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 17.178', W 76° 38.315'

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Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

Imagine the scene here on July 19, 1814, as Breton Bay filled with barges of British Royal Marines intent on attacking Leonardtown. Rear Admiral George Cockburn led the invasion force that came ashore at the town wharf. Raiders also approached the town by land from the west and east.

The combined British forces of 1,500 vastly outnumbered the town's population and local militia. The British seized tobacco, flour, a small schooner, and 40 stands of arms, but they left the town intact.

America's Nemesis

British Rear Admiral George Cockburn was a celebrated hero of the Royal Navy in the War of 1812, but Americans considered him a villain.

Overseeing naval operations in the Chesapeake from 1813 until the end of the war, Cockburn brought the war directly to towns and plantations to weaken American resolve. He led invasions to Maryland's Eastern Shore, Baltimore, Washington, and elsewhere but Southern Maryland suffered most from his campaign of terror.

"I proceeded...up the Potowmac attack on Leonard's Town...where I understood the 36th American Regiment to be stationed and much Stores &ca. to be deposited...The Enemy...withdrew whatever armed Force he had...and permitted us to take quiet Possession of it..." — Rear Admiral George Cockburn to Vice Admiral Sir Alexander F.I. Cochrane, July 19, 1814
HM NumberHM16K0
Series This marker is part of the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail series
Year Placed2012
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 8:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 356693 N 4238851
Decimal Degrees38.28630000, -76.63858333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 17.178', W 76° 38.315'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 17' 10.68" N, 76° 38' 18.90" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202, 301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 22526 State Hwy 326, Leonardtown MD 20650, US
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