Military Roads in Texas

Military Roads in Texas (HM16ZY)

Location: Brackettville, TX 78832 Kinney County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 18.481', W 100° 24.993'

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The routes that moved troops in early Texas often followed old Indian trails, usually were little more than deep wagon ruts. This one, the Chihuahua Road—joining Ft. Clark with other southwest posts—was widely used, 1850-1880. The Comanche War Trail, part of the Chihuahua Road, carried women, children, and horses stolen by Indians from Mexico to the north.

The Spanish era opened El Camino Real (the Old San Antonio Road) in 1691 to join Louisiana to Mexico. After 1836, Republic of Texas settlers demanded forts for safety from Indians; a main 1840 supply road followed present Austin-Dallas highway. Central National Road, 1844, linked Trinity and Red Rivers. (Its rules required all trees to be cut 12 inches or less from ground).

From 1848 to 1860, surveys by U.S. led to a network of military roads in west central Texas. In 1849, Capt. Randolph B. Marcy blazed a West Texas trail used by California gold hunters. Famed U.S. 2nd Cavalry made Ft. Belknap—San Antonio Road a military artery in 1850s.

During Civil War, supplies moved from Mexico to Texas over the Cotton Road. The Indian campaigns of Capt. R.S. Mackenzie in 1870s opened trails across the staked plains; but by 1881, the railroad had begun to replace Texas' once-famous military routes.
HM NumberHM16ZY
Series This marker is part of the The Comanche Trail into Mexico series
Marker Number362365
Year Placed1968
Placed ByState Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 26th, 2014 at 7:25pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 362431 N 3242944
Decimal Degrees29.30801667, -100.41655000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 18.481', W 100° 24.993'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 18' 28.86" N, 100° 24' 59.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)830
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3405-3469 E Crockett St, Brackettville TX 78832, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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