In August 1620, a group of about 40 Saints joined a much larger group of (comparatively) secular colonists-"Strangers," to the Saints-and set sail from England on two merchant ships: the Mayflower and the Speedwell. The Speedwell began to leak almost immediately, however, and the ships headed back to port. The travelers squeezed themselves and their belongings onto the Mayflower and set sail once again.Because of the delay caused by the leaky Speedwell, the Mayflower had to cross the Atlantic at the height of storm season. As a result, the journey was horribly unpleasant. Many of the passengers were so seasick they could scarcely get up, and the waves were so rough that one "Stranger" was swept overboard and drowned. (It was "the just hand of God upon him," Bradford wrote later, for the young sailor had been "a proud and very profane yonge man.")
Because the Pilgrims decided to settle outside the limits of their charter, they believed a written document was needed for self government of the new colony. Thus, the Mayflower Compact was written. After staying in Provincetown Harbor for five weeks, the Pilgrims sailed across Cape Cod Bay and made a permanent settlement in Plymouth in December, 1620.Chatham profoundly shaped Pilgrim history because of its dangerous waters offshore. Had the Mayflower been able to continue to the Hudson River area, there would be no Cape Cod, Plymouth or New England Pilgrim story. Nor would there have been a Mayflower Compact, the first self governing document written in the New World.
The story the Mayflower voyage and Cape Cod Pilgrim history is told at the Pilgrim Monument and Museum in Provincetown.
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Wednesday, October 15th, 2014 at 2:33pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||19T E 420986 N 4613696|
|Decimal Degrees||41.67111667, -69.94918333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 41° 40.267', W 69° 56.951'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||41° 40' 16.02" N, 69° 56' 57.06" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Area Code(s)||508, 774|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 2-48 Main St, Chatham MA 02633, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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