Osage Nation

Osage Nation (HM18R4)

Location: Erie, KS 66733 Neosho County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 36.072', W 95° 15.096'

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Originally from the Ohio Valley, the Osages agreed in 1810 to a treaty to relinquish lands in Missouri and relocate along the Neosho River in Kansas. Under the leadership of Chief Pahuska, called White Hair, the Osages lived and hunted on their new reservation where they faced attacks from their rivals, the Cherokees. A trading post was soon established and in 1824 the first Indian mission and school in this area was built. Operated by Presbyterians and associated denominations, it was located about 3.5 miles west of here. The missionaries failed to attract pupils and to convince the Osages to trade a hunting lifestyle for farming. The mission was also unsuccessful in converting the Osages to Christianity and closed in 1829. A Catholic mission established in 1842 found more success than the early mission. During the Civil War, the Osages formed a regiment and helped counter a Confederate attack. The Osages were forced to leave Kansas in 1870. Today the Osage Nation's federal reservation lands (approximately 1.5 million acres) are located in north central Oklahoma.
HM NumberHM18R4
Series This marker is part of the Kansas: Kansas Historical Society series
Marker Number52
Year Placed2012
Placed ByState of Kansas
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 25th, 2014 at 3:39pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 301236 N 4163952
Decimal Degrees37.60120000, -95.25160000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 36.072', W 95° 15.096'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 36' 4.32" N, 95° 15' 5.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)620
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 953-999 KS-146, Erie KS 66733, US
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