The Mound Line

The Mound Line (HM195T)

Location: Stockton, AL 36579 Baldwin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 30° 59.781', W 87° 51.415'

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(Ellicot Line)

— Mile Mound No. 216 located 1200 feet east —

Surveyed in 1799 to mark the 31? North Latitude, this line charted the first southern boundary of the United States, separating the U.S. from Spanish Florida. The line was marked at one-mile intervals by earthen mounds approximately fifteen-feet square and three-feet high with a charred lighter-pine post at the center, hence the name Mound Line.

Jointly surveyed by Major Andrew Ellicott, U.S. Commissioner, and Esteban minor, Spanish Commissioner, to determine boundaries as agreed in the Treaty of San Lorenzo in 1795. The line began at the Mississippi River, ran east along 31? North Latitude to the Chattahoochie River, thence eventually to the Atlantic Ocean.

Stockton was divided by this line, with some residents living in the United States and some in Spanish Florida. Although Stockton became a "border town," U.S. law generally prevailed in the area.

Sponsored by The Stockton Civic Club
HM NumberHM195T
Year Placed1999
Placed ByAlabama Historical Association
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 20th, 2014 at 10:34am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16R E 418188 N 3429512
Decimal Degrees30.99635000, -87.85691667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 59.781', W 87° 51.415'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 59' 46.86" N, 87° 51' 24.90" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)251
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 52915 St Highway 59, Stockton AL 36579, US
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