A New City

A New City (HM1B2K)

Location: Birmingham, AL 35205 Jefferson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 33° 29.52', W 86° 47.728'

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Building early Birmingham

The arrival of two railroad lines in Jones Valley opened nearby deposits of iron ore, limestone, and coal to commercial development and helped make Birmingham one of the great industrial cities of the post Civil War South.

In 1871, the year of Birmingham's founding, civil engineer William P. Barker with North and South Alabama Railroad laid out Birmingham's system of streets and avenues to align with the main rail lines that still run through the city. Development began to fill in Birmingham's grid, first with simple wood-frame structures common to the American frontier, then with brick buildings, and, in little more than three decades, with the city's first skyscrapers.

A view of Birmingham looking north from Red Mountain, 1885.

This bird's eye view of Birmingham from Red Mountain, created around 1885 to promote the young city, provides a glimpse of an area that was, just two decades prior, mostly farm land. Compare this early view of Birmingham with the city you see before you today. We have indicated modern-day landmarks to orient you.

1. Interstate 20/59
2. Financial District
3. UAB Medical Center
4. Birmingham-Shuttleworth Airport
5. Elton B. Stephens Expressway
6. Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
HM NumberHM1B2K
Placed ByC. Byron Ireland Foundation, Mr. and Mrs. Glen Ireland II, and Mr. and Mrs. William R. Ireland Sr
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 25th, 2014 at 11:50am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 518999 N 3705850
Decimal Degrees33.49200000, -86.79546667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 29.52', W 86° 47.728'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 29' 31.20" N, 86° 47' 43.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)205
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1870-1898 Vulcan Trail, Birmingham AL 35205, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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