Birmingham District Minerals

Birmingham District Minerals (HM1B2R)

Location: Birmingham, AL 35209 Jefferson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 33° 29.501', W 86° 47.749'

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Inscription
The availability of seemingly limitless mineral resources was the key to the success of the Birmingham District, an area defined by geologic deposits that span five counties (Jefferson, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, Walker and Bibb). Some of the minerals essential to the iron industry and to the creation of Vulcan lie directly beneath you in the heart of Red Mountain.

Where Did They Come From?
These important minerals were deposited hundreds of millions of years ago and then pushed up into ridge formations by continental collision.

limestone
Mineral sediments deposited in a shallow inland sea 505-438 million years ago eventually became limestone, which is used to separate pure iron from impurities in the iron ore.

iron ore
Iron-fixing bacteria swimming in the inland sea 435-396 millions year ago laid down enormous amounts of iron ore that formed a rich seam. Iron ore is the main ingredient in cast iron and steel.

coal
Swamps developed when the primordial sea started to dry up 320-286 million years ago. The plants and animals in the swamps became coal when their decaying remains were compressed under great weight. The coal was originally one large deposit, but it slowly broke up into three major fields: the Cahaba, the Coosa, and the richest - the Warrior.
Details
HM NumberHM1B2R
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 5th, 2014 at 2:33am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 518967 N 3705815
Decimal Degrees33.49168333, -86.79581667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 29.501', W 86° 47.749'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 29' 30.06" N, 86° 47' 44.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)205
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1701 Valley View Dr, Birmingham AL 35209, US
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