The Civil War and Battery Rodgers

The Civil War and Battery Rodgers (HM1C2P)

Location: Alexandria, VA 22314
Buy Virginia State flags at Flagstore.com!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at Flagstore.com!

N 38° 47.815', W 77° 2.412'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 489 views
Inscription

— Ford's Landing City Park —

With the outbreak of war in the spring of 1861, Alexandria was immediately occupied by Federal troops as a bulwark in the defenses of the national capital, and the city became a central distribution center for men and material for the Army of the Potomac. Battery Rodgers, an earthen gun emplacement, was constructed at the foot of Jefferson Street in 1861. With its Parrott rifles and huge Rodman gun, it commanded the river approaches to Alexandria and Washington. The city's wharves were soon occupied with as many as 40 ships a day carrying men, horses, wagons, coal, hay, flour, rails and railroad ties, tents, food, and guns and ammunition. The Union also took over Alexandria's railroads, using the Orange and Alexandria Railroad complex near Duke and Henry Streets as the headquarters of its U.S. Military Railroad in the eastern theater of war.

Brigadier General Herman Haupt, commander of the U.S. Military Railroad, was charged with sending men and supplies south into Virginia as quickly as possible, often to places where there had been no railways before the war. He also had to repair Union track, bridges and rolling stock destroyed by the Confederate armies and guerrillas.

Haupt established a railroad wharf at this site that connected the railroad tracks from Washington and Virginia to the river. At the wharf, the train cars were transferred directly onto barges, made up of two canal boats lashed together over which rails had been laid, and were pushed down river by steam tugs to the railhead at Aquia Creek where the cars could be transferred back to rail. The barges avoided the necessity of unloading the cars for the river portion of the journey and were the forerunners to modern containerized freight. Haupt also experimented here with pontoon boats, rafts and prefabricated transport vessels and with methods of destroying enemy tracks.

(captions)
The Quartermaster Department's "General Plan of Battery Rodgers" shows the fort's location at the foot of Jefferson Street. (Illustration: National Archive and Records Administration)

Brigadier General Herman Haupt (1817 to 1905) on an experimental pontoon boat designed for surveying parties, and scouting operations, ca. 1861-1865. The pontoons were 10 inches in diameter and between seven and eight feet long. (Illustration: National Archives and Records Administration)

Battery Rodgers' bunker and Rodman gun are visible in this view looking east, ca. 1861-1865 (Illustration: National Archives and Records Administration)

U.S. Military Railroad freight train loaded onto barge at Alexandria and floated down the Potomac River to Aquia Creek, ca. 1863-1865. (Illustration: National Archives and Records Administration)

A soldier in the huge Rodman gun at Battery Rodgers, ca. 1861-1865. (Illustration: National Archives and Records Administration)

(List of the seven historical markers on display in Alexandria's Ford's Landing Park):
Earliest Inhabitants 1000 BC - 1600 AD · Early Alexandria 1700-1800 · The Federal District 1791-1846 · The Civil War Battery Rodgers 1861-1865 · The Alexandria Marine Railway Company 1849-1900s · Battery Cove New Shipyard 1911-1922 · The Ford Plant 1932-1996.
Details
HM NumberHM1C2P
Tags
Marker Number4
Year Placed1999
Placed ByEakin/Youngentob Associates
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 4th, 2014 at 5:28pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 322823 N 4296217
Decimal Degrees38.79691667, -77.04020000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 47.815', W 77° 2.412'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 47' 48.90" N, 77° 2' 24.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202, 703, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 702 Fords Landing Way, Alexandria VA 22314, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. This marker needs at least one picture.
  8. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  9. Is the marker in the median?