Fairfield (HM1DIB)

Location: Bothwell, ON N0P 1C0 Chatham-Kent Division
Country: Canada
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N 42° 35.112', W 81° 54.259'

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— Tecumseh Parkway —

The Moravians or "Bohemian Brethren" were a protestant sect that originated in the 1400s in Moravia and Bohemia, the present day Czech Republic. They faced persecution in their homeland and in 1722 many moved to Saxony (now part of Germany) where they were given security and land on the estate of Nikolaus Ludwig Von Zinzendorf. There they built a community called Hernhut and subsequently sent missionaries to North America where they established settlements in Pennsylvania (Bethlehem and Nazareth) and North Carolina (Winston Salem).

They began missionary work among the Lenni Lenape First Nation (Delaware) and organized villages based on Christianity and European lifestyle. Following the American Revolution, the pacifist Moravians once again faced persecution, leading them, and their followers, to Detroit where they sought refuge with the British Government. There, Lieutenant Governor Simcoe granted the Moravians a large tract of land along the Thames River east of present day Thamesville, Ontario.

By 1792, the village of Fairfield had been established under the direction of Brother David Zeisberger. For over 20 years, the community had a fairly consistent population of between 150 and 200 inhabitants, 60 modest log homes, a church, a school, barns, and workshops. By 1813, the inhabitants had also developed several hundred acres of farmland. The village was a unique amalgamation of eastern European tradition and architecture combined with Native Delaware culture.
Placed ByTecumseh Parkway
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 4th, 2014 at 3:19pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 425796 N 4715149
Decimal Degrees42.58520000, -81.90431667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 35.112', W 81° 54.259'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 35' 6.72" N, 81° 54' 15.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)941
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 14858-14928 Regional Rd 2, Bothwell ON N0P 1C0, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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