Exchange at the Presidio

Exchange at the Presidio (HM1EL9)

Location: Tucson, AZ 85701 Pima County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 13.374', W 110° 58.452'

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The Mormon Battalion Enters Tucson, 16 December 1846

Near this site on December 16 - 17, 1846, the U.S. 101st Infantry ("Mormon") Battalion under the command of Colonel Philip St. George Cooke peacefully occupied the Presidio San Agustin del Tucson.

Organized in Council Bluffs, Iowa, to reinforce General Stephen Watts Kearny's Army of the West during the Mexican - American War, the battalion marched 2,000 miles to San Diego, probably the longest march in the U.S. military history.

By the time the battalion reached Tucson, it was reduced in numbers and sorely in need of provisions. Despite the fact that this was Mexican territory, the opposing military forces avoided hostilities, agreeing instead to a peaceful barter.

Buttons, clothing, and other items were traded for Mexican grain and salt. The United States Flag, the first to fly over Tucson, was posted briefly on December 16, 1846.

The following day, the battalion continued its march northward toward the Gila River.

The figures depicted on this monument represent the "Mormon" Battalion and residents of Tucson. They personify the uncommon dedication, courage, and desire for peace that was demonstrated here. In addition, they symbolize the harmonious blend of cultures in what is now the City of Tucson.

Dedicated December 14, 1996 on the sesquicentennial of the event. This memorial sculpture is a gift to the people of Tucson from Tucson Mormon Battalion Monument Foundation through the support of many individuals dedicated to preserving and honoring Arizona's historical heritage.
HM NumberHM1EL9
Series This marker is part of the Arizona: The Presidio Trail series, and the Markers Attached to Sculpture series.
Year Placed1996
Placed ByTucson Mormon Battalion Monument Foundation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 16th, 2014 at 5:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)12S E 502431 N 3565143
Decimal Degrees32.22290000, -110.97420000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 13.374', W 110° 58.452'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 13' 22.44" N, 110° 58' 27.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)520
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 165 W Alameda St, Tucson AZ 85701, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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