Cahokia (HM1F72)

Location: Collinsville, IL 62234 Madison County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 39.609', W 90° 3.547'

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City of the Sun

Cahokia was the largest prehistoric Indian community in America north of Mexico. It covered an area of six square-miles, including at least 120 mounds of different size and function. Initial occupation during Late Woodland times (AD 700-800) included small settlements along Cahokia Creek. These expanded and merged during early Mississippian times (AD 800-1000) and the population and community increased, reaching a peak between AD 1050-1150 with an estimated population of 10-20,000. A period of change and population decline began in the 1200s and by AD 1350-1400, Cahokia had been abandoned.
?????Indians of the Mississippian culture built this community and many other large and small ones throughout the Mississippi floodplain and the adjacent uplands. Cahokia was the center of a large complex chiefdom that had ceremonial and trade connections to other Mississippian sites throughout the Midwest and Southeast.
?????The decline of Cahokia may be attributed to a combination of many factors, including depletion of resources in the region; internal social and political unrest; external friction and conflicts with other groups; climatic changes affecting crops and local flora and fauna; soil exhaustion due to intensive agriculture; and loss of control and influence over contemporary sites and groups.

(Middle Left Map Caption)
The location and distribution of mounds at Cahokia form a rough diamond with Monks Mound at its center. Canteen Creek, right, joins Cahokia Creek, which flows into the Mississippi River.

(Lower Left Illustration Caption)
Long distance trade brought many exotic materials to Cahokia's markets, including Gulf Coast and Atlantic sea shells; copper from around Lake Superior; mica from the southern Appalachians; and chert (flint), salt, minerals and other goods from throughout the Midwest.

(Upper Center Illustration Caption)
Central Cahokia about A.D. 1150-1200

(Upper Right Illustration Caption)
Families lived in pole-and-thatch houses around the 120 mounds of this ancient city. Ceremonial buildings and the homes of the elite stood on top of the many platform mounds.
HM NumberHM1F72
Placed ByCahokia Mounds State Historic Site
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 25th, 2014 at 10:30am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 755894 N 4283168
Decimal Degrees38.66015000, -90.05911667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 39.609', W 90° 3.547'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 39' 36.54" N, 90° 3' 32.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)618
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1401 Monks Mound Trail, Collinsville IL 62234, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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