Winchester's Civil War Sites

Winchester's Civil War Sites (HM1F92)

Location: Winchester, TN 37398 Franklin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 11.145', W 86° 6.786'

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Inscription

County Seceded before the State

When Tennessee failed to secede from the Union on February 9, 1861, Franklin County residents met here at the courthouse. They listened to attorney Peter Turney forceful speech offering resolutions in favor of secession and reportedly adopted them unanimously. Turney raised a company in Winchester and recruited companies from surrounding communities to form the 1st Tennessee Infantry, which he offered to the Confederate government before April 9. The regiment assembled here at Mary Sharp College, elected Turney colonel on April 27, and soon marched to Decherd to board a train for Virginia, and it subsequently fought in that state and at Gettysburg. On June 8, Tennessee followed Franklin County lead and left the Union—the last state to do so.



During the war, the Oehmig house was used as a hospital for soldier with contagious diseases and called The Pest House. When the Union army occupied Winchester in 1863, several dwellings were seized for officers' quarters. The Federals used The Home Journal newspaper office on the Public Square, vacated by William J. Slatter who moved his presses to Georgia to publish The Army Bulletin. Confederate officers? dwellings that survive today include Col. Tazewell Waller Newman house and the boyhood home of Gen. Alexander Peter Stewart.



Winchester City Cemetery is the final resting place of Confederate Cols. Peter Turney and Albert Smith Marks, both also governors of Tennessee. Other veterans buried there include 100 Confederates and a few Federals. Soldiers who died in local houses after the Battles of Stones River and Chattanooga were buried in the city cemetery adjacent to John Wiley Templeton Confederate Memorial Cemetery.



(captions)

(lower left) Mary Sharp College - Courtesy Library of Congress

(upper center) Peter Turney; Albert Smith Marks Courtesy Tennessee Department of State

(upper right) Franklin County Courthouse by Gustavus A. Perry (US) Courtesy Mike Lougee
Details
HM NumberHM1F92
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 11th, 2014 at 12:04pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 580748 N 3894002
Decimal Degrees35.18575000, -86.11310000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 11.145', W 86° 6.786'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 11' 8.7" N, 86° 6' 47.16" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)931
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 135 1st Ave NW, Winchester TN 37398, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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