Third Battle of Winchester

Third Battle of Winchester (HM1FK)

Location: Winchester, VA 22603
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 12.619', W 78° 7.638'

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A Gathering of Future Leaders

— 1864 Valley Campaign —

The Third Battle of Winchester, fought here on September 19, 1864, was a proving ground for several men on both sides who shaped post-war America. They included two future presidents, two senators, a state governor, and several military leaders.

Col. Rutherford B. Hayes, who commanded a Federal VIII Corps brigade, was president from 1877 to 1881.
Capt. William McKinley, who led a VIII Corps infantry company, was president from 1897 to 1901, when he was assassinated.
Gen. John B. Gordon, who commanded a Confederate division, later became a senator from Georgia from 1891 to 1897.
Capt. Henry A. DuPont, who commanded a U.S. artillery brigade, later served as a senator from Delaware; he was also awarded the Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Cedar Creek.
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, who led the Confederate cavalry and was wounded at Winchester, was governor of Virginia from 1895 to 1889 and commanded a U.S. Army corps during the Spanish-American War in 1898.

Frontier Officers
U.S. Gens. Philip H. Sheridan, George Crook, Ronald S. Mackenzie, Marcus A. Reno, and George A. Custer later had leading roles in the West during the Indian Wars.

Military Theorist
Gen. Emory Upton, a Federal division commander, was a celebrated military theorist who wrote books including The Military Policy of the United States (1904), which is still influential.

Prophet of the Lost Cause
Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early became a leading proponent of the Lost Cause philosophy that dominated the South for decades.

Philippine Expidition
Gen. Wesley Merritt, a Federal cavalry division commander, led the First Philippine Expedition in 1898 during the Spanish-American War.
HM NumberHM1FK
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 6th, 2014 at 7:46pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 748035 N 4344048
Decimal Degrees39.21031667, -78.12730000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 12.619', W 78° 7.638'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 12' 37.14" N, 78° 7' 38.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540, 703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 536 State Rte 661, Winchester VA 22603, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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