The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road

The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road (HM7SX)

Location: Winchester, VA 22603
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 13.166', W 78° 7.998'

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The Great Indian Road, called Philadelphia Wagon Road by many settlers, was developed by Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) warriors traveling in the 1700s through the Great Valley of the Appalachians (which they called Jonontore) from Cohongaronto (north of the Potomac), to raid the Catawba in the Carolinas. In 1743, Iroquois headmen complained that Europeans had settled along the road, a treaty violation. The Lancaster Treaty of 1744 clarified the road's direction and acknowledged the Iroquois' right to travel through Frederick County to New River settlements and farther south. This road later brought immigrants to the Valley in Conestoga wagons. Today U.S. Route 11 generally follows the historic road.
HM NumberHM7SX
Marker NumberQ 4
Year Placed2008
Placed ByDepartment of Historic Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 19th, 2014 at 11:14am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 747484 N 4345044
Decimal Degrees39.21943333, -78.13330000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 13.166', W 78° 7.998'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 13' 9.96" N, 78° 7' 59.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540, 703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1765-1793 Martinsburg Pike, Winchester VA 22603, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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