William Henry Harrison / and the Cincinnati & Whitewater Canal

William Henry Harrison / and the Cincinnati & Whitewater Canal (HM1HS1)

Location: Cleves, OH 45002 Hamilton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 9.304', W 84° 44.948'

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side A (south)

Harrison, later to become the ninth president of the United States,
was a strong supporter of the Cincinnati & Whitewater Canal project
and a major subscriber of stock in the canal company. He sold
land from his North Bend farm for the canal and tunnel right-
of-way and provided clay and cordwood for manufacturing the bricks
for the tunnel. On March 31, 1836, the steamer Moselle carried
passengers from Cincinnati to the Harrison farm to witness the
canal groundbreaking ceremonies. After his death in 1841, President
Harrison was laid to rest in a tomb on the hill a few hundred
feet above the North Bend portal of the tunnel.

side B (north)

In 1837, Cincinnati merchants projected a branch canal to join the
Whitewater canal at West Harrison, Indiana, with the goal of tapping
commerce from Indiana's Whitewater Valley. The major obstacle on
the route was the ridge between North Bend and Cleves, just
northeast of this site. Engineer Darius Lapham designed a 1.782-
foot tunnel through this barrier. Lined with brick made on site,
the tunnel, 24 feet wide, and 20 ½ feet high, was the first canal
tunnel in Ohio. Six workers died in it's construction. The Cincinnati &
Whitewater Canal opened in 1843 but was abandoned by 1856, after
the main Whitewater Canal had been rendered useless by repeated
flooding. The canal tunnel was subsequently used as a railroad
tunnel from 1863 until 1888, illustrating the progression of
transportation technology in the mid- nineteenth century.
HM NumberHM1HS1
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number20-31
Year Placed2000
Placed ByThe Ohio Bicentennial Commission The Longaberger Basket Company The Three Rivers Historical Society The Canal Society of Ohio The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, November 11th, 2014 at 3:03pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 694490 N 4336397
Decimal Degrees39.15506667, -84.74913333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 9.304', W 84° 44.948'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 9' 18.24" N, 84° 44' 56.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)513
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 413-499 S Miami Ave, Cleves OH 45002, US
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