Welcome to Traverse des Sioux

Welcome to Traverse des Sioux (HM1I46)

Location: St. Peter, MN 56082 Nicollet County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 20.969', W 93° 57.032'

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Inscription
On July 23, 1851, a treaty was signed here that transferred millions of acres of Dakota land to the U.S. government. The treaty also resulted in the Sisseton and Wahpeton Dakota bands' movement to reservation lands along the Minnesota River.

Oiyuwege


This place, Traverse des Sioux, is part of the vast Minnesota River valley that was formed by glacial meltwaters more than 10,000 years ago.

Early French and English explorers named this waterway the St. Pierre (St. Peter) River. In 1852 the territorial legislature petitioned the U.S. government to change the river's name to Minnesota — a Dakota word meaning cloudy water.

Near this site at one time was a shallow, hard-bottomed river crossing. The Dakota Indians called it Oiyuwege, meaning "the place of crossing." French explorers renamed it Traverse des Sioux, or "crossing place of the Sioux." The exact location of the crossing is now not known.

The Eastern Dakota of Minnesota


The Dakota Indians, known to outsiders as the Sioux, have lived in this place for centuries. The Eastern branch of the Dakota Nation, also known as the Santee, includes the Mdewakanton, Wahpekute, Wahpeton, and Sisseton bands.

The Story of This Land


For centuries Traverse des Sioux has been a crossroad.


First, native people gathered here to hunt game and exchange goods and information. By 1700 they were joined by Europeans who came to this area to trade guns, cloth, and other products the Dakota wanted for furs. Over the next 150 years, traders and Indians did business with each other at Traverse des Sioux, swapping news, ideas, and customs as well as trade items.

By 1851 settlers in the newly established Minnesota Territory were pressing hard to open Indian lands for settlement. In a treaty signed here that year, the Sisseton and Wahpeton bands of the Dakota sold most of southwestern Minnesota — some 21 million acres — to the government for about 7.5 cents per acre. The sale triggered a land rush. By 1853 this historic meeting place had become the town of Traverse des Sioux. But, like hundreds of other towns in the Territory, it soon failed. The site was farmed until 1969, when it was turned into a state park. In 1973, in recognition of its unique significance, Traverse des Sioux was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and designated a state historic site.

Minnesota Historical Society
Traverse des Sioux
Details
HM NumberHM1I46
Series This marker is part of the Minnesota Historical Society series
Tags
Placed ByThe Minnesota Historical Society. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative Commission on Minnesota Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, December 1st, 2014 at 9:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15T E 424240 N 4911129
Decimal Degrees44.34948333, -93.95053333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 20.969', W 93° 57.032'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 20' 58.14" N, 93° 57' 1.92" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)507, 651
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Traverse des Sioux Rd, St. Peter MN 56082, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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