Transportation Archaeology on the WIS 57 Project

Transportation Archaeology on the WIS 57 Project (HM1ITZ)

Location: Brussels, WI 54204 Door County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 44.063', W 87° 40.018'

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From First Americans to Euroamericans

— Archaeology and History of the WIS

Historic Preservation and the WIS 57 Project
The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966
(NHPA) requires federal agencies to take into account the effect their projects might have on historic properties such as buildings and
archaeological sites. Archaeological and
historical investigations of the WIS 57 corridor were conducted according to NHPA regulations and procedures.

These procedures, referred to as the Section
106 process, involve the following:
· Identification of historic resources
· Evaluation of affected resources
· Determination of historic significance
· Avoidance through redesign when possible
· Mitigation of significant sites that cannot be

WIS 57 archaeological investigations began in 1992 and continued through 2008. Results
· 107 archaeological sites identified
· 78 archaeological sites tested
· 38 sites considered significant
· 30 sites avoided by rerouting the highway
· Mitigation of eight sites that could not be

Phase I: Identification Process
This phase involves a review of records and background material to identify previously recorded historic and prehistoric sites in the vicinity of the study area. Fieldwork included pedestrian reconnaissance of the WIS 57 corridor to identify previously
reported sites as well as unreported site locations.

Phase II: Evaluating Significance
Identified sites must be evaluated to assess the significance of the site if they are likely to be disturbed by project actions. Both hand and machine-aided excavations may be used in this process. If the
investigations suggest that the site is potentially eligible to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the site is considered significant.

Phase III: Data Recovery
Not all significant archaeological sites or buildings can be preserved. When such properties are affected by responsible development, the Section 106 process allows for various means of mitigating or lessening the effect of disturbance. However, because archaeological sites are non-renewable resources, those that cannot be conserved need to be carefully recorded before ground-disturbing activities begin. Mitigation of archaeological sites typically takes the form of large-scale, controlled excavations. These data recovery projects are often complex and time consuming. As a result, unless the affected site is very small, most data recovery plans are designed to sample a site rather than excavate it completely.

Archaeological Monitoring
Archaeological monitoring of the construction process is sometimes conducted in culturally sensitive portions of a project area. During the WIS 57 Project, archaeologists monitored ground disturbing activities
to guard against incidental disturbance of human remains. "Archaeological monitoring requires close cooperation among WisDOT, contractors, and archaeologists.

(All images UWM-ARL 2012)
logos of United States Department of Transportation, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Wisconsin Department of Transportation
Year Placed2012
Placed ByThe United States Department of Transportation, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, Wisconsin Department of Transportation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, January 16th, 2015 at 9:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 447190 N 4953660
Decimal Degrees44.73438333, -87.66696667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 44.063', W 87° 40.018'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 44' 3.78" N, 87° 40' 1.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)920
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10300-10414 County Rd DK, Brussels WI 54204, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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