Heroes of 1814

Heroes of 1814 (HM1IY9)

Location: Washington, DC 20003
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 52.962', W 76° 58.745'

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— Star-Spangled Banner Historic Trail —

Congressional Cemetery, founded 1807, is the resting ground for many War of 1812 figures. Among them are Navy Yard Commandant Thomas Tingey, the first architect of the Capitol, Dr. William Thornton, State Department Clerk Stephen Pleasonton, and National Intelligencer newspaper editor Joseph Gales. Chocktaw Indian Chief Pushmataha, who served with Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans, is also buried here.

Joseph Gale's grave maker memorializes the editor of the National Intelligencer as "a journalist of the highest integrity." Congressional Cemetery

Saving the Declaration

Thanks to Stephen Pleasonton, the Declaration of Independence escaped the flames of August 1814. Just before the British arrived, Pleasonton rounded up 22 carts, loaded them with the nation's most precious documents, and led them to safety in Leesburg, Virginia. Stephen Pleasonton, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
Choctaw Chief Pushmataha, Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Basement chamber in Leesburg, VA that stored precious federal documents. Photograph by Ralph Eshelman

In the summer of 1814 the United States had been at war with Great Britain for two years. Battlefronts had erupted from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. On August 24, following their victory over the Americans at the Battle of Bladensburg, Maryland, British troops marched on Washington with devastating results.

The Star-Spangled Banner Historic Trail reveals sites of the War of 1812 in Washington, DC, Virginia and Maryland. Visit ChesapeakeExplorerApp.com or download the Chesapeake Explorer App.

HM NumberHM1IY9
Series This marker is part of the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail series
Historical Period19th Century
Historical PlaceCemetery
Marker TypeMemorial
Marker ClassBoth
Marker StyleInterpretative Marker / Sign
Placed ByNational Park Service, US Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, January 27th, 2015 at 9:02am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 328337 N 4305621
Decimal Degrees38.88270000, -76.97908333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 52.962', W 76° 58.745'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 52' 57.7200" N, 76° 58' 44.7000" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202
Can be seen from road?No
Is marker in the median?No
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1821-1899 E St SE, Washington DC 20003, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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