"The Best Mountain Road in the West"

"The Best Mountain Road in the West" (HM1IZK)

Location: Boulder, WY 82923 Sublette County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 37.552', W 109° 39.504'

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"A Cold Supper Was Eaten This Evening in Silence"

— "Good Water, Abundance of Grass," and Natural Gas! —

This maker consists of three plaques, each dealing with the Lander Cut-off.
"The Best Mountain Road in the West"

In 1857, Congress funded construction of the Fort Kearney-South Pass-Honey Lakes Wagon Road (Lander Road), marking the government's first efforts to boost western emigration and fulfill its "Manifest Destiny" through road construction.
During the summer of 1857, Frederick W. Lander's team of engineers surveyed 3,000 miles of potential routes in 90 days. Landers selected a northerly route with plenty of grass, water, and timber that crossed fewer streams than the existing Oregon and California trails.
The next summer, laborers, engineers, and surveyors assembled for the hard work of road building, constructing nearly 230 miles. This team finished construction in 1859. As many as 13,000 emigrants used the new road that year.
"(A)ll routes examined... to favor the ox team immigrants (sic) and water and grass must be found at short intervals of distance." - Frederick W. Lander
"A Strict and Firm Man"

Born in 1822 to a prominent Massachusetts family, Lander became a respected engineer by his early thirties. He surveyed and oversaw construction for a section of the Pacific Wagon Road known today as the Lander Road. Mount Lander in the Wind River Range and the town of Lander, Wyoming also carry Lander's name.
"A Cold Supper Was Eaten This Evening in Silence"

Think about the planning you went through to arrive at this place. What provisions did you carry in your car? Now imagine you are traveling this rout with all your worldly possessions.
How would you feel as you arrived here after weeks on a dusty road, crossing rivers, suffering through storms, enduring sickness, and witnessing the death of loved ones?
"Crossing the plains is one of the best methods ever thought of to find out the disposition of a man or woman; if there is anything good in them it will crop out, and if they are mean you will find that out for sure." - George W. Manville, 1863, wagon captain on the Lander Road in 1862
(Side bars)
Life Goes On .

Henry Hitchings, Album of sketches from an 1859 expedition to the West, with 68 drawings
Those traveling the westward emigrant trail developed mobile societies within which life continued despite the difficulties of overland travel.
Dust in the Wind

William Henry Jackson, Desert Crossing at Night, 1867
"The wind blew in our faces in the afternoon and nearly suffocated us with dust, the dust is worse than Indians, storms or winds or mosquitoes, or even wood ticks." - Jane Augusta Hollbrook Gould, 1862.
Troubled Waters

William Henry Jackson, Crossing the River
"We crossed safely, no accidents at all. Some of the other trains were not so fortunate. Two wagons were capsized. One company lost all their effects and the other got everything wet and lost some few things." - William H. Babcock, 1859
"Good Water, Abundance of Grass," and Natural Gas!

Lander Road Superintendent Frederick W. Lander chose this route, and emigrants followed it, because of the abundance of resources found along what became known as the Lander Road.
Little did these pioneers know that below them lay an even larger natural bounty - a natural gas field that would one day be an important source of domestic energy.
(Side bars)
The Pinedale Anticline

The California Company drilled the first well in the Pinedale Anticline in 1939, finding natural gas but not the oil they sought. They plugged the hole and left. Development of the field began in earnest in the 1990s. Experts estimate the field can supply enough energy for 30 million homes for more than 30 years.

Preservation Through Mitigation

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) manages public lands for multiple uses and must strike a balance between competing interests. The BLM, therefore, must mitigate for degradation to the Lander Road's historic setting due to energy development - in other words, the public must be compensated for an impact to this resource.

New Fork River Crossing Historical Park

The New Fork River Crossing Historical Park was created in August 2010 as mitigation for energy development impacts to the Lander Road. Shell, Ultra Resources, and PacifiCorp made the park possible by providing funds to purchase the property. Sublette County Historical Society now manages the park.
Placed ByWyoming State Historic Preservation Office, Oregon-California Trail Association, Bureau of Land Management
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, February 1st, 2015 at 5:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)12T E 610013 N 4720141
Decimal Degrees42.62586667, -109.65840000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 37.552', W 109° 39.504'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 37' 33.12" N, 109° 39' 30.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)307
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near US-191, Boulder WY 82923, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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