Early Shipping

Early Shipping (HM1MAQ)

Location: Oswego, NY 13126 Oswego County
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Country: United States of America
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N 43° 27.327', W 76° 30.416'

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A Natural Port for Commerce and Conflict

The river access to the lake made Oswego a natural hub for commerce, as well as a place to transfer goods, travelers, and armies from river and land carriers to lake vessels. Many of the vessels were built here. Through the centuries the type of vessels used for shipping activities underwent a dramatic evolution.

Early Shipping Vessels
The first vessel used for trade in and around Oswego Harbor was the Native American pack canoe. In the 18th century the longer and heavier French bateaux replaced the canoe because it was stabile enough to carry large quantities of trade goods.

Early settlers preferred the Durham boat, which made it possible to transfer heavy commercial cargo on the still turbulent Oswego River.

Vessels of War
In 1808 Lieutenant Melancthon Woolsey, and several naval officers arrived at Oswego to build the first American vessel-of-war on the Great Lakes - the brig Oneida. The Oneida was launched in the spring of 1809, carrying sixteen guns, and was later used in the War of 1812.

The Steam Era
Before the completion of the railroad, the steamer was the principle means of passenger travel and commercial transportation. Numerous steamers navigated the lake, landing and receiving passengers to and from Oswego by the thousands, and freight by hundreds of tons.

Lake Steam Screw Propeller
The Vandalia, built in Oswego, was the first ship on the lake to use the lake steam screw propeller.

A Thriving Port City
This mid 19th century etching shows the docks crowded with lake and canal vessels.
Placed BySeaway Trail, Inc
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, July 28th, 2015 at 10:06am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 378082 N 4812496
Decimal Degrees43.45545000, -76.50693333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 27.327', W 76° 30.416'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 27' 19.62" N, 76° 30' 24.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)315
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Harbor Rail Trail - S, Oswego NY 13126, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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