Advance and Retreat
— Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early's corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to country Union Gen. David Hunter's army. After driving Hunter into west Virginia, Early invaded Maryland to attack Washington, D.C., draw Union troops from Richmond, and release Confederate prisoners held at Point Lookout. The next day, Johnson sent Maj. Harry Gilmor's regiment to raid the Baltimore area. Union Gen. Lew Wallace delayed Early at the Battle of Monocacy on July 9. Federal reinforcements soon strengthened the capital's defenses. Early attacked there near Fort Stevens on July 11-12 and then withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley with the Federals in pursuit. He stopped them at Cold Springs on July 17-18. Despite failing to take Washington or free prisoners, Early succeeded in diverting Federal resources.
|Placed By||Maryland Civil War Trails|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Tuesday, October 27th, 2015 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18S E 259020 N 4368946|
|Decimal Degrees||39.43638333, -77.80000000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 39° 26.183', W 77° 48'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||39° 26' 10.98" N, 77° 48' 0" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Towpath, Sharpsburg MD 21782, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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