Ordnance Plant

Ordnance Plant (HM1PU3)

Location: Tyler, TX 75701 Smith County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 19.927', W 95° 18.139'

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Near Site of C.S.A.

Founded in 1862 by J.C. Short and Wm.S.N. Biscoe (both gunsmiths) and Col Geo. Yarbrough. In 2-story brick main building, on 125 acre site, contracted to make for State of Texas 5,000 rifles for the arming of troops in the Civil War. After trouble obtaining men and material, plant was sold in October 1863 to the Confederate government. Short and Biscoe stayed on with the plant, to continue making guns.

With machinery and men evacuated from areas under siege in Arkansas, operated under the command of Lt. Col. G.H. Hill. Plant included leather shop, tin shop, dry kiln, carpenter shop. The 150 to 200 man work force had (besides gunsmiths and guards) butchers, tanners, blacksmiths, draftsmen, carpenters, harness makers, and coal burners; guns made were .54 caliber, long and short Hill Rifles; long and short Texas Rifles; Austrian, Enfield and Tyler Rifles, with barrels 27 to 37½ inches long. Some were equipped with steel tipped bayonets invented by Short. During 3 months of 1864, products made were 394,156 cartridges, 411 rifles and 3,531 canteens; 160 guns were repaired.

Many Tyler rifles were sent to troops fighting north and east of Red River, to prevent a Federal invasion of Texas.
HM NumberHM1PU3
Marker Number7763
Year Placed1968
Placed ByState Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, December 7th, 2015 at 9:02am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 283296 N 3579578
Decimal Degrees32.33211667, -95.30231667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 19.927', W 95° 18.139'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 19' 55.62" N, 95° 18' 8.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)903
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-299 TX-155, Tyler TX 75701, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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