Uniontown, DC's First Suburb Historical

Uniontown, DC's First Suburb Historical (HM1T5I)

Location: Washington, DC 20020
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 51.931', W 76° 59.126'

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East-of-the-River View

—Anacostia Heritage Trail —

Today's Anacostia Historic District began in 1854 as Uniontown, Washington's first planned suburb. The Union Land Association saw the large Navy Yard
workforce across the Anacostia River as potential customers for building lots they carved out here from 240 acres of farmland. The association named streets after presidents and designated this block-long park as a town square and market place. As was common practice, the developers barred sales to "any [N]egro, mulatto, or person of African blood."

Half of the lots sold quickly. Land association partner John Van Hook built himself a gracious two-story brick house on a nine-acre hilltop overlooking Uniontown.

A handful of elegant houses rose along the new streets, including one for Dr. Charles H. Nichols, superintendent of the new Government Hospital for the Insane (later called St. Elizabeths). But building proceeded slowly. Unfortunately for Van Hook and his partners, after the Civil War ended in 1865 Navy Yard ship production slowed, and then in 1873 economies around the world crashed. The Union Land Association declared bankruptcy, and Frederick Douglass purchased Van Hook's property. Other developers took over, building more modest houses.

In 1886 Congress changed Uniontown's name to Anacostia
because numerous "Uniontowns"
had appeared around the nation after the Civil War.

Anacostia Lodge No. 21 of the Free and Accepted Masons built 2002 14th Street in 1890, leasing its first floor as a movie theater. After the Masons moved to Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue in 1963, a succession of churches used the solid structure.
HM NumberHM1T5I
Placed ByCultural Tourism DC
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, July 20th, 2016 at 5:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 327745 N 4303726
Decimal Degrees38.86551667, -76.98543333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 51.931', W 76° 59.126'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 51' 55.86" N, 76° 59' 7.56" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2016 14th St SE, Washington DC 20020, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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