Mulberry Row Historical

Mulberry Row Historical (HM1W1W)

Location: Charlottesville, VA 22902 Albemarle County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 0.582', W 78° 27.088'

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Mulberry Row's Evolution

Jefferson attempted to create an efficient plantation based on new approaches to agriculture and manufacturing. To realize his goals, dozens of enslaved and free workers lived and worked here on Mulberry Row. Jefferson added a series of dwellings and workshops to the outbuildings that served his elite household. Structures were built, dismantled, or re-purposed as his needs changed. The three digital models (below) show the latest interpretation of Mulberry Row's evolution.

Phase I (1769-90)
The earliest structures on Mulberry Row supported the construction of Monticello I (1769-83). In the "joiner's shop," carpenters and house joiners made almost all of the woodwork for the main house. Enslaved families occupied the "Negro quarter" and two other large log dwellings while hired artisans lived in the "workmen's house." Jefferson lived in the South Pavilion (B.) until about 1774.

Phase II (1791-1809)
Jefferson rebuilt his house, Monticello II (1796-1809), doubling its size. He also shifted agricultural production on the plantation from tobacco to wheat and set up a nail factory. On Mulberry Row, he constructed new houses for slaves; a "smokehouse," "dairy," and "wash house" to serve the needs of his family and their guests; and a "nailery" and "smith's shop" for profit.

III (1810-31)

After Jefferson's retirement from the presidency and the completion of Monticello II in 1809, the "dairy," "smokehouse," and "wash house" moved to the completed South Terrace wing while other buildings were added, torn down, or re-purposed. Free and enslaved workers produced goods in Jefferson's workshops when trade embargoes during the War of 1812 restricted imports. (Marker Number 02.)
HM NumberHM1W1W
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, December 2nd, 2016 at 9:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 723742 N 4209956
Decimal Degrees38.00970000, -78.45146667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 0.582', W 78° 27.088'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 0' 34.92" N, 78° 27' 5.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 931 Thomas Jefferson Pkwy, Charlottesville VA 22902, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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