The Battle of Monterey Pass

The Battle of Monterey Pass (HM1YB3)

Location: Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17214 Franklin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 44.328', W 77° 28.139'

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Kilpatrick Divides His Cavalry

As a squadron of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry went into the woods, portions of the 1st and 5th Michigan cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan Cavalry was sent toward the right and a portion of the 1st Michigan Cavalry was ordered to dismount and continue on the turnpike. This caused captain Emack's men to slowly fall back further westward until General George Custer's Brigade gained the eastern half of Monterey Pass.

At the Monterey Inn, Kilpatrick discussed area roads and where they led. Resident David Miller informed Kilpatrick of Mount Zion Road that lead into Smithburg and Leitersburg. using Charles Buhrman as a guide, Kilpatrick ordered the 1st Vermont Cavalry to head off the wagon train as it entered the Cumberland Valley.

Kilpatrick also ordered a portion of the 1st Michigan Cavalry, using Hetty Zielinger and James McCullogh as guides, to head off the Confederate wagon train coming into Fairfield Gap. With plans to hit the wagon train from the rear and front, General Kilpatrick now planned to cut it in half by sending Custer's Brigade forward to Red Run.

"Kilpatrick asked me which way I thought the wagon train was going, and where I supposed they would strike the river. I told him they could go by Smithburg, or Boonesboro, and cross the river at Sharpsburg, or go by Leitersburg,
and Hagerstown, and cross at Williamsport."

Charles Buhrman
HM NumberHM1YB3
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, May 16th, 2017 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 288435 N 4401682
Decimal Degrees39.73880000, -77.46898333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.328', W 77° 28.139'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 19.68" N, 77° 28' 8.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 14775 Charmian Rd, Blue Ridge Summit PA 17214, US
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