10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass

10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass (HMKRL)

Location: Waynesboro, PA 17268 Franklin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 44.312', W 77° 28.716'

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During a fierce thunderstorm on the evening of July 4, 1863, a nine-mile-long wagon train of supplies, livestock and wounded soldiers made its way from Fairfield through Monterey Pass. This was the advance of the Confederate retreat column from Gettysburg. That same night Union Cavalry met a local 12-year-old girl, Hetty Zeilinger, walking on the road to her home near Monterey Pass. Hetty warned them that Confederates with artillery were blocking the pass. The brave girl offered to guide the troopers through the pass, around the Confederate forces. One of the soldiers lifted her into his saddle. On they rode, leading a column of Union Cavalry through the darkness and rain, seeking to harass the Confederate's rear and flanks as they withdrew back toward the Potomac.

Approximately 10,000 soldiers fought around Monterey Pass. The battle lasted more than six hours, as they struggled in some of the most bewildering combat of the war. In the lightning, gunfire, and confusion, many of the terrified teams of horses and mules bolted down the side of the mountain, crushing the occupants of the wagons. More than 1,500 Confederates were taken prisoner. Next to Gettysburg, Monterey was the largest Civil War action fought in Pennsylvania.
Series This marker is part of the Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Civil War Trails series
Historical Period19th Century
Historical PlaceBattlefield
Marker TypeOther
Marker ClassBoth
Marker StyleInterpretative Marker / Sign
Placed ByPennsylvania Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 20th, 2014 at 2:41pm PDT -07:00
Photo Credits: [1] DOUGLAS MOWEN  
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 287617 N 4401667
Decimal Degrees39.73853333, -77.47860000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.312', W 77° 28.716'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 18.72" N, 77° 28' 42.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Can be seen from road?Yes
Is marker in the median?No
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 14219-14287 Charmian Rd, Waynesboro PA 17268, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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