The Lone Tree of the Oregon Trail

The Lone Tree of the Oregon Trail (HM21KN)

Location: Baker City, OR 97814 Baker County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 48.721', W 117° 45.255'

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Early Oregon Trail emigrants crested the south flank of Flagstaff Hill and, with the Blue Mountains looming to the west, saw a solitary tree in the valley below. Called l'arbre seul (the lone tree) by French-Canadian fur trappers, this large tree, possibly ponderosa pine or Douglas-fir, towered majestically above the floor of Baker Valley about three miles northwest of this marker.
For many years - perhaps centuries - the Lone Tree served as a landmark for Indians, trappers, missionaries, and Oregon Trail emigrants, until felled in 1843 by what explorer John Fremont called, "some inconsiderate emigrant axe."

The place called Lone Tree is a beautiful valley in the region of the Powder River, in the centre of which is a solitary tree quite large, by the side of which travelers usually stop & refresh themselves. — Narcissi Whitman, August 26, 1836 I drove along, I would raise my head and look at that beautiful green pine. At last, on looking up as usual, there tree was gone. ... That brave old pine, which had withstood the storms and snows of centuries, had fallen at last by the vandal hands of man. Some of our inconsiderate people had cut it down for fuel, but it was to green to burn. ...Had I been there in time I should have begged those woodmen to 'spare that tree.'
— Peter Hardeman Burnett, September 27, 1843
HM NumberHM21KN
Placed ByBaker County Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 9th, 2017 at 10:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11T E 440359 N 4962344
Decimal Degrees44.81201667, -117.75425000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 48.721', W 117° 45.255'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 48' 43.26" N, 117° 45' 15.3" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)541
Closest Postal AddressAt or near OR-86, Baker City OR 97814, US
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